E-voting has not yet been implemented or accepted by our Government. That doesn’t prevent the technology from being developed.
One scenario of E-Voting requires the identification and proof of citizenship with the Government. The citizen generates a public and private key, and associates the public key with the citizen in government records. At the time of an election, or in fact ANY correspondence, the private key provides a digital signature, providing authentication. “Election commissions and staff” have no way to spoof votes without the private key. The Government ALSO holds its own private and public key.
The process of voting can be used by email, web pages, in person and other techniques. The voting selection is encrypted with the citizen’s private key and the Government’s public key. This creates a communication that ONLY the holder of the citizen’s registered public key, and the Government’s private key can fully decrypt the vote.
The received vote (stripping off citizen identification) is then submitted to a public block chain record. This provides a receipt which allows a specific vote to be publicly viewed. The receipt is encrypted with citizen’s public, and Government’s private keys and returned to the citizen.
The Public block chain record contains only a voting record, but without any means to back track to identify the citizen. Only the receipt encrypted by the government has any association to the citizen. Out of millions of votes, no one would be capable of exposing the ID of any voter.
Through commonly available tools, Citizens can verify their vote because they have the receipt, Votes are publicly available (without Voter ID associations) and the process of accounting is as simple as processing the blockchain.
Public / private key (PKI) encryption is free and publicly available. SohoStar has implemented PKI in the Queb™. The time to enable E-Voting, digital signatures, and legal acceptance of secure digital communications is now proven out with the current horrendous experiences of the paper ballot that should be extinct.